Bahrain Human Rights Watch Society (BHRWS)
Iran sponsored terrorism
By: Faisal Fulad
BAHRAIN HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH (BHRWS)
27th April 2018
Iran is the only country responsible for terrorist activities targeting Bahrain in recent years. Bahrain is a member state of the United Nations and has played a massive role in increasing stability and security in the world.
In 2015, for violations of banking laws, the Central Bank of Bahrain had to place the “Future Bank”, under its administration and for its links to terrorism-financing.
Role of Future bank in connection with Iranian authorities
In 2016, two Iranian shareholders of the Future Bank – Bank Saderat and Bank Mellie – sought arbitration in The Hague.
Investigators found that Future Bank’s management was involved in the following violations: Laundering $4.7 billion through ‘wire stripping’ SWIFT messages, laundering $2.7 billion through an old method of inter-bank messaging, using hard one-time codes and physical delivery, granting international business loans, issuing letters of credit and trade finance guarantees worth $1.5 billion that violated the international law, and disbursing funds through illegal means in Bahrain to strengthen the Iranian influence in the country.
The exchange amount between the Future Bank and the Iranian authority reached nearly $9 billion, and those amounts reached those involved in terrorist acts and those appointed to carry out the assassination missions in Bahrain and neighbouring countries.
In addition, Bahrain continued to contribute to the international efforts to fight extremism and terrorism and drying up their financing sources. Bahrain was among the first countries to make a call to fight terrorism-financing and held an international conference in Manama in 2014.
Hence, Bahrain Human Rights Watch Society (BHRWS) supports the formation of the International Counter-terrorism Financing Centre in Saudi Arabia.
BHRWS called for the reinforcement of coordination between all countries to tackle terrorism and adopt new multi-dimensional methods to achieve integration based on common principles to contain and check terrorism and fight violence, terrorism and extremism in the social media.
BHRWS also call to deal with terrorist groups such as Hezbollah, especially those supported by other countries, to eliminate them and list their members and entities in the international terrorism list.
Terrorism and human rights violations
The Iranian regime, through the exchange money, has been able to support all armed and terrorist groups such as Hezbollah, Houthi and the Bahraini and Iraqi armed groups in order to ignite sectarian strife and support instability in the region.
It is generally understood that terrorism refers to “acts of violence targeting civilians in pursuit of political or ideological objectives”. In 1994, the Declaration of the General Assembly on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism, contained in its resolution 49/60, stated that terrorism included “criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or for political purposes”.
Therefore, the Iranian intervenes in the region through supporting terrorist and armed groups have a direct impact on the region, such as:
- Having an impact on the rights to life, liberty, and physical integrity through weakening the governments and holding illegal weapons in the countries and increasing insecurity among communities
- The Iranian Terrorist acts caused to destabilise Governments in the countries such as Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and Yemen and was trying in Bahrain.
- The Iranian Acts undermine civil society, jeopardise peace and security, and threaten social and economic development.
- Iranian Acts has links with drug trafficking, money-laundering, and trafficking in arms, as well as illegal transfers of nuclear, chemical and biological materials, and is linked to the consequent commission of serious crimes such as murder, extortion, kidnapping, assault, hostage-taking, and robbery in countries such as Iraq, Lebanon, Yemen, Syria and has been trying in Bahrain.
International and regional human rights law allows the Kingdom of Bahrain all the right and duty to protect Bahraini citizens from terrorist attacks supported by Iran. This stems from the duty of the Bahraini government to hold accountable Iran and the perpetrators of terrorist crimes in international courts.