Gulf European Centre for Human Rights
Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi is involved in massacres in Iran
27th December 2018
The head of the Expediency Council, Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi, died in a hospital in the capital Tehran on Monday after a long struggle with the disease, Iranian authorities said.
Shahroudi was president of the judiciary for 10 years, which ended in 2009 and was appointed by the Supreme Leader Khamenei last year as chairman of the Expediency Council, which deals with adjudicating disputes between the parliament and the Guardian Council in Iran.
Iranian Human Rights Groups accused Shahroudi, who died at the age of 70, of overseeing 2,000 executions on his 10-year term as president of the judiciary in 1999-2009. He was a close ally of Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and analysts considered him a potential successor. As well ass, the execution of dozens of Ahwazi activists and protestors in the 2005 uprising was carried out by Shahroudi. Opponents of the Tehran regime and other activists were subjected to torture and repression, which Shahroudi was aware of during his term in office.
Human rights groups said Shahroudi cut off a visit to Germany for treatment in January 2018 when Iranian and German human rights activists filed a complaint against him for "crimes of murder and crimes against humanity."
Human rights groups say Shahroudi has contributed to arbitrary arrests of political activists, banned dozens of newspapers under his watch, and many journalists and bloggers face long sentences.
According to opposition sources, Shahroudi committed crimes against humanity against opponents of the Iranian authorities, especially during the period of the judiciary between 1999 and 2009, where he issued a lot of political judgments against opponents of the regime.
Iranian and international human rights organisations also accused Shahroudi of involvement in the 1988 massacre that killed more than 30,000 political activists during that period.
The Iranian opposition sources revealed that "the assassination and execution of about 100 opponents during the mass demonstrations in the country in 2009, in protest against the re-election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, while Shahroudi has a prominent role in the implementation of those operations."
Shahroudi was a member of the regime who participated in crimes against humanity against political detainees in 1988 and 1989, where he was president of the Iraqi Supreme Council that worked against the Iraqi regime; the council was founded by Shahroudi.
Shahroudi also committed crimes against humanity against Kurdish dissidents in the 1980s and also during a period of his presidency at the Iranian judiciary. He also carried out the same massacres against Ahwazi activists in 1999 to 2009, particularly in 2005 to 2007, where more than 25 Ahwazi were executed, over 250 killed and a 160 Ahwazi were sentenced to the long-term prison. Ahwazi sources stated that about 16,000 Ahwazi were arrested in the 2005 uprising and faced a fined and prisons. However, Ahwazi activists and observers believe that a total of 36,000 Ahwazi citizens, overall, were detained from few hours to long term sentences. Shahroudi played an important role in this crime.
The Gulf European Centre for Human Rights condemns the international community's silence towards Shahroudi in particular, and the Iranian authorities in general. And calls upon on international organisations to act immediately to hold accountable the other individuals who have committed crimes against humanity in Iran.